The six CIBJO Blue Books are definitive sets of grading standards and nomenclature for diamonds, coloured gemstones, pearls, coral, precious metals, and gemmological laboratories. They are compiled and then are consistently reviewed and updated by the relevant CIBJO Commissions, whose members include representatives of trade organisations and laboratories active in the respective areas of the industry. In the almost complete absence of jewellery industry standards endorsed by the International Standards Organisation (ISO), the CIBJO Blue Books are the most widely accepted set of globally accepted standards.
The updated versions can be downloaded from the following page on the CIBJO website: http://www.cibjo.org/introduction-to-the-blue-books/.
For individuals who are not members of a CIBJO-member organisation, each individual download will cost 9.90 Swiss francs. All six Blue Books (Diamond Book, Gemstone Book, Pearl Book, Coral Book, Precious Metals Book and Gemmological Laboratories Book) can be downloaded as a single package at a discounted rate of 49.90 Swiss francs. For individuals who are members of an organisation that belongs to CIBJO, he or she is entitled to receive the CIBJO Blue Books free of charge. They should contact the organisation of which they are members to arrange delivery of the relevant Blue Books by email.
(excerpts from a FEBRUARY 13, 2016 CIBJO press release – the underlining is ours)
CIBJO released a Diamond Commission Special Report (SEPTEMBER 7, 2016). The report (cibjo-special-report-2016-diamond-commission) discusses two important developments:
- Synthetic diamonds. The report reiterates standards introduced by CIBJO to clearly distinguish between natural and man-made gems. These essentially were adopted (in general) by the International Standards Organisation in 2015, when it released ISO International Standard 18323 (specifies a set of permitted descriptors for the diamond industry that are designed to be understood by the consumer).
- Scanning technologies, created in recent years, enable rough dealers to accurately map the internal inclusions in a stone. The report discuss the ethical implications of such technologies.
CIBJO, the World Jewellery Confederation, describes itself as the “United Nations of the jewellery business,”. It represents the interests of all individuals, organisations and companies earning their livelihoods from jewellery, gemstones and precious metals. It is the oldest international organization in jewellery sector, having originally been established in 1926.
With its membership made up largely by national jewellery trade organizations from more than 40 countries around the world, CIBJO covers the entire jewellery, gemstone and precious metals sectors vertically, from mine to marketplace, and horizontally within each of the component sectors in the various production, manufacturing and trading centres. Most of the international jewellery sector’s leading corporations and service providers are also affiliated to CIBJO through commercial membership.
SAFE AND SUSTAINABLE MINING WITH ISO STANDARDS
Mining is a temporary activity, with mines operating from anywhere between a few years and a few decades. Increasingly, however, what happens after a mine is closed, and the impact this has on the local community and environment, has an important influence on the competitiveness of the mining operation.
A new ISO subcommittee on mining reclamation management (ISO/TC 82/SC 7) has recently been created to develop International Standards that can help minimize the potential long-term damage from mining activities.
MINERAÇÃO SEGURA E SUSTENTÁVEL COM NORMAS ISO
A mineração é uma actividade temporária, com períodos que variam, normalmente, de poucos anos a algumas décadas. Aquilo que acontece após o fecho da mina e o impacto que aquela decisão tem nas comunidades e ambiente locais tem, de forma crescente, um grand impacto na competitividade da operação mineira.
O reconhecimento daquele facto conduziu à criação de um novo subcomité ISO (ISO/TC 82/SC 7) para desenvolver Normas Internacionais que possam ajudar a minimizar o impacto de longo-prazo das actividades mineiras.
Best practices to adopt when a mine closes
Even though mining reclamation management is thoroughly done during operation, it is a general characteristic of mining reclamation that potential damages are observed for a long time after closing mines. And it is usual that a boosted regional economy due to the mining industry declines very rapidly after closing those mines and the region faces cavitations. According to experts:
The mining reclamation management must be supported by government and developers together and the opinions of local residents must be actively reflected in the process.
Government and mine operators must prepare measures for the control and monitoring of the environment, the utilization of closed mines, the activation of the regional economy, and the budget for the project at the time of closing the development.
Government and mine operators must prepare for the local residents, who could potentially be impacted by mine closings, an official communication channel to allow interaction between all stakeholders. For example, public hearings are a proven tool to ensure open communication.